チュートリアル/ナビゲーション

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In the hunt for new resources or interesting locations to build doom fortresses, many Minecraft players wander absurd distances. It is easy to get lost, but a little forethought makes it easy to avoid wandering for an eternity in search of your home base. This tutorial focuses on some of the easier ways of navigating Minecraft's landscapes.

スポーンポイント[編集 | ソースを編集]

すべての世界には、プレーヤーが最初にゲームに参加したとき、そして死ぬたびにプレイヤーが近くにリスポーンする、設定されたスポーンポイントがある(ベッドについては以下を参照)。世界には1つのスポーンポイントがあり、すべてのプレイヤーがそのブロックの数ブロック内にスポーンするが、正確な場所はランダム化されている。(以前は、シングルプレイに特定のスポーンポイントがあったが、現在はマルチプレイと同じシステムを使用している)。マルチプレイでは、スポーンポイント周辺が「保護されている」ため、サーバーオペレータだけがブロックを作成または破壊できる。 拠点をマルチプレイのスポーンエリアに近づけすぎると、それを荒らしに暴露するようなものなので、マルチプレイでは、通常、建てる前にある距離を移動する方が良いだろう。

各プレイヤーは、ベッドで寝ることによって、それぞれのスポーンポイントを変更することができる。ベッドが取り除かれたり、破壊されたり、塞がれたりすると、スポーンポイントが失われ、プレイヤーは元のスポーンポイントの近くでリスポーンする。最初のスポーンポイントはコンパスを使って簡単に見つけることができるが、これはベッドの場所ではなく、元のスポーンポイントを指す。

X、Y、Z座標[編集 | ソースを編集]

F3キーを押すと、現在の世界の座標を含む非常に便利な情報のデバッグ画面F3をもう一度押して閉じる)が開く。これらの座標は次のように解釈される:3つの座標はすべて「ブロック」で測定され、距離はメートルと同等とみなされる。Xは原点から東に距離を、Zは南へ距離を示す。これらの両方の負(マイナス)は、原点の西または北を示す。Yは、あなたの位置をメートルで表示する。負の値にすることはできい(Y0は岩盤で覆われている)。海面はY63または64である(ゲームのバージョンによって異なる)、スポーンポイントは地図の原点から数百ブロック以内にある(XとZは0)。バージョン1.3.1では、デバッグ画面に2つのYが表示されるようになった。あなたの足下のYの位置は、あなたが立っているブロックの上部の高さだ(一方は報告された唯一のもの)が1.62メートル高く、目の位置を示す。つまり、高さとは、あなたの画面の世界を示している。デバッグ画面の他の情報のうち、項目「f」は、あなたの向いている方位を意味する。

0=南、1=西、2=北、3=東を意味する。

これらの座標を忘れないようにする最も簡単な方法は、ベースのX座標とZ座標を書き留めること。あなたが拠点を離れた場合、F3を押して現在の座標をあなたの拠点の座標と比較し、座標が一致するまで適切な方向に向かうことで、いつも家に帰ることができる。

このナビゲーション方法は、コンパスが機能せず、地図も働かない、ネザーを探索するのに特に重要である。あなたのポータルまたはネザーでの拠点の座標を書き留めて、ネザーを探索することができる。また、あなたの拠点から遠いところにあるネザー要塞を見つけたら、あとでまたそこに戻りたいなら、要塞の座標を書き留めて、後でそこに戻ることができる。

地上ナビゲーション[編集 | ソースを編集]

探検[編集 | ソースを編集]

コンパスを使わずに探検する最善の方法は、一方向だけに進み、次にF3を押して北、南、東、西であるかどうかを確認することです。あなたが探検を終えたら、後ろを向いて戻ります!

指向ガイド[編集 | ソースを編集]

Minecraftには北、南、東、西の明確な方向がある。あなたが向いている方法を伝える方法はいくつかある:

  • 太陽は東から昇り、西に沈む。これらの軌道はいつも同じで、星に固定されている。
  • 星は北極の周りを反時計回りに、そして南極の周りを時計回りに回る。
  • 雲は常に西に流れ、昼と夜の間は地上からも見える。
  • デバッグ画面を使用しているとき、 「f」で始まる行は、角度を含めてコンパスの向きを示す。

トレイルマーカー[編集 | ソースを編集]

Not all players will be content to build directly on the spawn point or even in the prime world where compasses work. Often, the spawn point is a fairly dull beach or desert, and players that desire a savage looking mountain valley or inside the Nether may end up building far from their spawn. In these cases, it's good to either mentally note or construct a series of landmarks to follow, especially if the path is long. The use of trail markers is far more resourceful and time efficient than building long roads. It's a good idea to place all trail markers in such a way so as you can always see two markers from the one you are standing at (the marker you came from, and the marker you are heading to). This prevents you from losing the trail. It is also advised to have your markers placed or designed in such a way that you can always know which direction leads to the origin of the trail. Here are some methods of marking your trail outdoors:

  • Torches and other light-emitting blocks offer an easy method of making quick visible markers to follow, and they ward off monsters from spawning. They are most useful at night unless placed high or combined with other markers. Jack o'Lanterns also have a face which points in a single direction. You can place them so that the face always points toward "home".
  • Signs are also useful. While they don't glow, torches illuminate them, and you can write useful information or ASCII arrows on the sign. Ensure that neighboring markers can be seen in both directions—if you plant a torch a distance downhill from the previous torch, the first torch may not be visible from the second's location.
  • Blocks or short pillars of dyed wool: A single color or combination can be used to identify the destination (different towns, buildings, or whole biomes). Multiple colors can even show direction.
  • Carve a simple arrow into the surrounding terrain and fill it with off-colored blocks, such as filling a stone wall with dirt pointing in the direction home. If your home is near a hill or a cave entrance, use off-colored blocks for its exterior where practical.
  • A series of small sand towers at the peaks of hills: Sand is easily mined, often plentiful, and very visible in most terrain. Placing another block on the ground near the tower to create a line between the tower and block is an easy method of orienting the player in the right direction. Sand block markers can be read extremely quickly at a distance, making them a great choice for players dashing through the countryside at night who don't have time to stop and read signs. To prevent the blocks from falling due to gravity, dirt or sandstone, which is quickly craftable from sand, can form the foundation or inner layers.
  • Some players prefer to construct fewer but taller pillars to be visible at a greater distance. These can be made of snow, sand, stone, dirt, or other brightly-colored or reflective blocks, then lined with torches or capped with lava or burning netherrack.
  • Gate markers consist of two blocks or towers placed next to each other with a one-block space between and an optional arch over the trail. The space between the blocks orients the player to the next gate. A torch or other marker can be placed on the side of one of the blocks to indicate the origin of the trail. It is usually best to build the markers out of something that stands out, like cobblestone or sandstone.
  • A quick way to make a tall pillar is to clean the leaves off one or more trees in the area of the landmark or perhaps along a route. No tools are required, and clearing the foliage can help to uncover the landmarks and create paths.
  • Putting your base in a village that has towers or a desert temple makes it hard to miss at a distance.
  • Due to the way they are made, grass paths make an ideal "navigation block" for marking a trail behind you when exploring, requiring only a shovel.

Roads and Rails[編集 | ソースを編集]

If you decide to try and find a new place to build a house or a mine, a useful thing to do is to dig a two or three block wide trench as you move along. Once you find your new construction site, all you have to do is follow the trench back and forth between your mines/houses. Later in the game (or as you are digging, if you have the resources) you can fill in the trench to make a nice-looking pathway. Note that sand/sandstone or gravel look flashy but are non-renewable and fragile—for long roads, you're better off using cobblestone, smooth stone, or even wood. (Lightning can burn wood, but that's pretty rare, and doesn't happen at all in deserts.)

It would also be a good idea to place torches along the pathway to make night travel safer. You could even place fences beside your road for a more appealing look and to fend off monsters. As you build more things, you can create forks in your road along with signs to direct you to where you want to go.

Of course, once you have a road, you may want to put down rails. A railway also doubles as a road!

Maps[編集 | ソースを編集]

Maps are a viable supplement or replacement for trail markers for mid-range journeys. Maps cost a compass and a lot of paper, so you need a little redstone and iron plus some sugar cane for this. Activate your empty map midway between the two points you want to connect. One location will be at one edge, the other on the other side, depending on the distance.

As of version 1.4, maps are not exactly centered on where they are activated, because they snap to a grid. They also start off with a very small scale, and need to be zoomed out to a reasonable scale after activation, but before you start making copies. Each zoom level takes 8 more paper (at a crafting table), and doubles the map scale, but also clears any current contents. However, the map will remain centered roughly where the empty map was activated. It takes 3 zooms to match the scale of the pre-1.4 maps; the fourth zoom reaches the maximum scale of one chunk per pixel. You can place a framed copy of each map in your base to get a green marker for the location (at least when the frame's chunk is loaded).

You may want to note or create a large structure that is visible on the map at each location. Construct it out of a material that stands out; colored wool, cobblestone, and moss stone all contrast against snow (unless they get re-covered with snow), and all but moss stone against trees and grass. (Prior to 1.7, all colors of wool would show stone-gray on the map, but as of 1.7.2 this is no longer an issue.) Some natural structures that stand out include Villages, stone "shields", and large lakes, rivers, or lava pools.

You may also wish to make a map room of the local (or not-so-local) area. Doing so gives you insight into the surrounding area, as well as showing any points of interest such as above ground lava pools and ravines, or even your own larger constructions.

地下ナビゲーション[編集 | ソースを編集]

自然の洞窟は、予備知識なしではすぐに迷子になる。プレイヤーの採掘のスタイルに応じて、掘った穴は、かなり方向感覚を狂わせるかもしれません!ここには、周りを回るためのヒントがある。地表への道を掘ることは可能だが、それは危険を伴う(水や溶岩が出て来る危険gある)。

Trail Markers[編集 | ソースを編集]

There are a variety of markers you can leave behind to make trails, with a somewhat different selection being useful underground.

  • Mushrooms: Relatively easy to acquire if you're near a swamp biome, quick to harvest and will attach to nearly any block. Space them close enough together so the last one is still visible behind you when you go to place the next. With red and brown mushrooms, you can have two separate trails that are easy to retrace. When you're done with them, you might try some mushroom stew.
  • Torches: You can place all your torches on the right side of the cave when you enter a new passage. This allows you to find your way back to the entrance simply by keeping the torches on your left. When encountering multiple caverns, also known as a fork, put two torches at the exit to indicate the correct way to exit the cavern. You can also place torches to point towards the exit. This method has its limits, as that torches restricted to the right side probably won't provide sufficient light to completely prevent mobs from spawning.
    • Torches placed on the side of a block can be used to indicate direction. Torches placed on the faces of blocks that are in front of you on your outward journey point back toward the exit on your return journey.
    • You can put additional torches on the floor in caves and the wider passageways, and in the middle of non-exit walls.
    • If you "float" a block in the middle of the cavern and cover it in torches, it lights a wide area, and the floating block is easily distinguishable from the marker torches.
    • If a cave loops back on itself at some point, there can be some confusion as to the shortest way out—you may need some of the other markers listed below.
    • Combining the previous methods with the "right hand against the wall" rule helps you methodically explore: Always go into the rightmost dark area at intersections. Imagine your right hand running along the wall.
  • Signs at intersections, often with "ASCII arrows", such as --> or ^, to indicate the heading. Keep in mind that you need to be able to see these signposts the most on your way back out of the cavern, so when placing them, it is important to position them where they are easily visible from the other direction. Signs are reliable (lava notwithstanding) and fairly cheap (6 wooden planks and 1 stick produces 3 signs). Unlike most blocks, however, they only stack up to sixteen (16). This may suffice for small cavern groups; for larger cave systems, you can bring a stack of wood and a crafting table to make signs as you go. (The table can be carried with you after each use.) Normally you'll want to carry logs, but in abandoned mineshafts, planks are handy and common.
  • Cobblestone arrows at each intersection, pointing back towards the passage you just came from. A torch can be placed on the block at the tip of the arrow to ensure that the arrow is easy to spot. This method has the advantage of utilizing a resource (cobblestone) that is common in caverns and easily carried in bulk, making it suitable for aiding in the exploration of even the most massive caverns. These arrows can be placed on walls or embedded into the floor, and can point in any direction. Similarly to the signpost method, cobblestone arrows should be placed in locations that are easily visible on the way back out of the cavern.
  • Cobblestone can also be used for walls or barricades to block off dead-ends or previously explored cavern branches to find exits more quickly. This along with the "right-side" torch method work very well hand-in-hand and can guarantee a less confusing exit strategy for players in a hurry to end their cavern run.
  • In otherwise "cleaned-up" caverns or mineshafts, dead-ends that have already been cleared out, can be marked with a block of dirt.
  • Redstone: If you're not using it for other things, you can use it for several kinds of trail marking.
    • Lines and arrows from spare redstone dust.
    • Redstone torches within sight of each other are distinctive. Note that redstone torches do not provide enough light to stop monster spawning, but you won't confuse them with regular torches.
    • Combining the above gives you trails of lit redstone dust, up to 15 long per torch. These fade as they stretch away from the torch, but you can use that as a directional hint.
  • Minecart tracks can also be used to mark trails. Of course, if you've laid down an actual track, it's easy to follow or ride that to either end.
  • Jack-o-lanterns can be placed at intersections, with the face pointing towards the exit. This doubles as a light source and a direction out. Jack-o-lanterns are easy to acquire once you start a pumpkin farm, and give off more light than a torch. In cases where there is one path on top of the other one, place the jack-o-lantern higher (using piles of gravel or some other temporary block to place it on top of) to indicate the exit is the upper path. Make sure to place them at the middle of the intersecting paths, with the pumpkin easy to see from both directions.
  • If you've been to the Nether, netherrack is conspicuous. It is also very quick to mine, and doesn't naturally appear in the Overworld. When going back, you can set them alight, recovering torches and marking explored paths.
  • Wool is versatile and stackable, and comes in a variety of colors. Use different colors for different symbols, e.g., "red" for "explored branch", or a combo of "white" and "yellow" to form an exit sign arrow. Beware that wool is flammable, so be careful around lava. You can also use different colors to mark particular trails. Even underground you can get string from spiders or cobwebs, and craft that into wool. You can also get at least two, possibly three primary dyes, which you can use and combine to make your wool more conspicuous: lapis lazuli from (moderately deep) ore, and bone meal from skeletons. A large waterfall from the surface may also provide ink sacs from squid. In addition, flowers can be found (very rarely) in caves.
  • A short, distinctive stack of blocks with two torches: one on top to make the stack stand out from a distance, and one on the side of the stack that points away from the exit: this torch will be clearly visible when you are walking towards the exit. A cobblestone block on top of a dirt block stands out and is quick and cheap to make. Marker beacons like these are useful for lighting up larger caves and in the middle of a large junction.
  • If you have a large amount of string, you can create a trail with it on the ground that leads back to where you came from. This can be very effective in abandoned mineshafts as there are plenty of cobwebs to harvest for this. The only major downside is that the string can be difficult to see, even in a well lit area.

Other hints[編集 | ソースを編集]

  • While it will not help you in navigating the cave itself, it may be wise to bring a map with you into a large cave, should you get lost and need to dig your way out. Note that most caves occupy less area horizontally than they might seem, but interconnected caves and abandoned mineshafts can sprawl over huge distances. You might well map some new surface as you explore underground, but the cave itself will not be mapped.
  • A good mining practice is to fully explore and light a cave system before beginning to mine out any resources. It is extremely dangerous to stop and mine in a dark cave system, and you can lose your loot if you are killed. Check for "broken bridges" such as gravel masses or 2-block drops. If monsters can come out of them, you may want to change that; once verified safe, you can save the blocked-off areas for later.
  • As part of exploration, try to "clean up" the area, taking off leftover blocks, filling small pits, and generally smoothing things out. In abandoned mineshafts, clear out most of the fence-and-plank "supports" as you "claim" an area. This improves both visibility and mobility, cutting down on unpleasant surprises.
  • Some water flows come from openings in the seafloor. With care (and perhaps a door or some ladders), you can swim up these and mark the entrance with a jack-o-lantern, which are generally visible from the sea surface. Such openings are also a quick way to get back to the surface if you've gotten lost. With a bit more effort, you can seal the opening altogether, perhaps leaving a shaft with ladders for your own use. (Remember that ladders and signs block water.)
  • When finished exploring a cave, you can make your own exit—just dig upwards to the surface in a staircase fashion, watching for drips and being careful not to dig the block just above you. This is especially useful for when you are lost and have not used any of the other plans. When digging a staircase out of a cave, it can be useful to check your map to figure out where you will, or want to, emerge. Coming out into the seabed can be tricky, especially if your torches get washed away. If you are more experienced, digging straight up is much quicker. Just place a torch below you to brake any sand/gravel and dig up. When you cannot mine due to height anymore, quickly jump and place blocks below your feet until you are in a two block high gap. Rinse and repeat until you are on the surface. If you break a lava pool floor, just cover it quickly with a block and travel a bit horizontally before continuing.
  • To mark cave entrances and other important, but hard to notice places on your map: clone your map, then put it in an item frame. You can then find the place by the green marker.

Marine Navigation[編集 | ソースを編集]

If you travel through water with a boat a lot, you may very well find yourself lost from home. There are a few ways to travel safely above and below water. Maps are very useful here. You can also build towers from the seafloor to well above the surface, and top the towers with a torch or Jack o'Lantern. Sugar cane, glass panes, or iron bars all provide an air pocket along the height of the tower, and glass blocks or panes also carry light into the depths. Advanced players might use Glowstone or burning Netherrack for the lights.

If you have lily pads (found in rivers), you can use them to create small islands for navigation or minibases. You'll need a bucket of lava for this—place the pad, then from as far as you can reach, dump the lava on top of the pad. The lava will form an island. At this point, you have a blazing landmark in the ocean. If you want to use the island for other stuff, you'll need to reclaim the lava source with your bucket, and wait for the flowing lava to cool. If you can't manage to grab the lava from the boat, you may be able to quickly jump onto the burning island (this will hurt and set you afire), bucket the lava source, and jump off into the water to put your flames out. Make sure you're at full health and fully fed before you try this! (You can use the same method to dump water on the lava to cool it more quickly.) Once the lava is gone, you'll have a nice small island, big enough for a chest, crafting table, and even a bed. (The new island may or may not show on your map.) Remember to stick a torch or Jack o'Lantern on it to prevent monster spawning.

Glowstone and jack-o-lanterns can also be placed under the water, on the seafloor. The jack-o-lantern can also be oriented to show the direction home, or to indicate an opening in the seafloor (that is, leading to caves).

Also, you can consider shaping your own waterways, adding canals, and putting together a light house if you have a lot of water around your base. That way, you'll be able to quickly move around and navigation will be easy from a moderate distance because of the lighthouse.

Block orientation[編集 | ソースを編集]

Many blocks are placed at a fixed orientation. Knowing this, it is possible to use the textures on the top faces of the blocks to orientate oneself without a compass. Note that actual blocks may vary with resource packs.

Block Description
Brick A solid mortar line is on the south side.
Cake Cake contains four 2×2 squares, three of which are toward the southeast corner.
Clay The northwest corner of the top of a clay block has a pixel noticeably darker than the other three corners.
Cobblestone Cobblestone contains an "L" whose arms orient Northwest.
Crafting Table A crafting table contains two sides which have one tool, these orient South and east.
Fence A fence post has a 4-pixel long brown strip on top; this strip toward the north side.
Furnace This texture is like cobblestone. It contains an "L" whose arms orient Northeast.
Glass One corner is entirely white; this points northwest.
Glowstone Glowstone contains one darkened L-shaped corner which orients Southeast. Note that glowstone is an inefficient choice for orienting yourself, since it does not return its full value when broken.
Gravel One corner contains a light pixel surrounded by three darker pixels; this is northwest.
Jukebox The slot is always directed from north to south.
Lapis Lazuli Block One corner consists of three dark blue pixels; this is southeast.
Lever Levers in the OFF position always point either east or south.
Ore (Coal, Diamond, Iron, Gold, Redstone) This applies to all ores except lapis lazuli and emerald ores. The largest vein of ore is toward the southeast corner.
Ore blocks (Diamond, Iron, Gold) Diamond blocks contain one corner which is darkened, this orients Southeast.
Rail An individually placed rail will orient north-south. When one is placed in the middle of four others, it will connect south and east.
Moss Stone One corner is a 2x2 square of lighter pixels; this is northwest.
Obsidian Obsidian blocks contain one string of 3 diagonal light pixels. This orients north.
Redstone Redstone wire connected in all four directions contains two single dots on two separate ends, these orient north and west.
Sandstone Sandstone is hard to distinguish, but it contains one lightly colored square. This orients north.
Snow Snow contains one darkened edge, this orients east.
Snow Snow blocks, like snow, contain one darkened edge which orients east.
Soul Sand Soul sand is described as having three faces on it, the bottoms of which face south.
Stone Pressure Plate Stone pressure plates contain a lightly colored 2×2 square which orients south.
Stone Slab This also contains a lightened 2×2 square which orients south.
Sunflower Sunflowers always face east.
Oak Wood Oak wood contains one lightened square which is oriented west.
Oak Wooden Plank texture (planks, stairs, bookshelves) Planks contain east-west striations; a darker pixel is in the southeast corner.
Pumpkins The stem on top of pumpkins always points northeast.